Court opinions dating
These statements are called dicta and have no binding or precedential force.
After the discussion of the facts and the applicable law, the opinion announces the holding, which is the legal principle or principles derived from the opinion.
Those that are released by the courts are collected in law books called reporters.
Each state has at least one reporter that contains the opinions of its courts, and the nation has several reporters that contain the opinions of the federal courts.
If no statute governs the action, the court relies on past decisions in similar cases, or precedent.
If it is a case of first impression—that is, no existing statute or precedent governs the case—the court bases its opinion on similar decisions and on its own reasoning.
A statement that is prepared by a judge or court announcing the decision after a case is tried; includes a summary of the facts, a recitation of the applicable law and how it relates to the facts, the rationale supporting the decision, and a judgment; and is usually presented in writing, though occasionally an oral opinion is rendered.
Court opinions are the pronouncements of judges on the legal controversies that come before them.
The first segment of the court opinion itself is the title of the action.In a criminal case, the plaintiff is usually the state prosecuting the crime—or the United States, if the federal government is prosecuting.After the title, a docket or calendar number assigned by the court appears, followed by the name of the court delivering the opinion and the date of the decision.After the syllabus, the court identifies the attorneys representing the parties. It usually opens with the name of the judge who wrote it.If the words per curiam or by the court appear at this point, they mean that the court chose not to identify any individual judge as the author.